Apollo 17

Apollo 17 was the final mission of the United States' Apollo Space Program, the enterprise that landed the first humans on the Moon. It was the mission that broke all Apollo Program records.

The crew of mission


Start mission

Apollo 17 spacecraft, which took place on the 11th and the last manned flight under the program Apollo, in which was made the sixth landing men on the Moon. Start Apollo 17 was held on 7 December 1972, with a delay of 2 hours and 40 minutes. Start delay was caused by the malfunction of the starting equipment.

It was the first night launch in the history of the US manned space program. In the area of the spaceport 500 000 people watched the flight. It was clearly visible to the naked eye in South Carolina to the north Florida and Cuba in the south. Less than 12 minutes later the ship went out into a circular Earth orbit.

December 7, 1972, Kennedy LC-39A

Lunar landing

"Challenger" landed at 19:54 December 11, 1972, two hundred meters from the point of pre-planned. Fuel in the tanks remained at 117 seconds hang. As in previous missions, astronauts placed a set of scientific instruments, gathered a record number of lunar samples and photographed lunar surface.

Also at the disposal of the astronauts was a lunar rover, which perfectly proved popular in previous missions. In one of rides to the crater Harrison Schmitt found on the surface - orange ground. In the end of the mission, Cernan picked up a stone and said, referring to the youth of the planet, that they is associated with hope for the future. Pieces of this stone were sent all over the world.

December 11, 1972, Taurus-Littrow

End of mission

The return flight to Earth lasted 67 hours 34 minutes 5 seconds. Apollo 17 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean at 19:24, 350 nautical miles north-east of the islands of Samoa and 6.5 km from the search and rescue ship of the US Navy, "Ticonderoga". 52 minutes after splashdown Cernan, Evans and Schmitt were delivered by helicopter on board the aircraft carrier. Flight Apollo 17 was the longest manned flight to the Moon.

At the Earth was delivered a record number of samples of lunar rocks. There were a record length of stay of astronauts on the lunar surface and lunar orbit. Apollo 17 was the most productive and almost trouble-free lunar expedition. During the flight the ship covered a distance of 2,391,486 km.

December 19, 1972, South Pacific Ocean


Summary of mission

The entire Apollo 17 mission lasted 301 hr. 51 min. 59 sec. Directly on the moon, the astronauts spent 22 hours 4 minutes.

The total distance which astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt had passed equals 30 km.

Time in space

The mission of Apollo 17 set an absolute record for the stay on Moon, number of photos, traveled distance and the weight of moon rocks.

During his stay on the Moon, astronauts managed to collect 110 killogram moon rocks.

Astronauts of Apollo 17 have conducted more than 25 experiments, which helped more understand space.

For planting Apollo 17 NASA choosed lunar valley - Taurus-Littrow