Apollo 13

Apollo 13 - was the seventh manned mission in the American Apollo Space Program and the third intended to land on the Moon, the craft launched on April 11, 1970, from the Kennedy Space Center.

The crew of mission


Start mission

The purpose of the flight, Apollo 13 was the landing of men on the lunar surface and research, but this expedition was one of the most dramatic and heroic pages in the history of space exploration. Start spacecraft successfully held April 11, 1970, at 13 hours 13 minutes from the launch complex LC-39 Kennedy Space Center.

For a start from the cosmodrome and the surrounding neighborhoods have seen more than 100 000 people. The first two days of flight, Apollo 13 were held without major incidents. After reaching orbit, standby crew took off their spacesuits and began incorporating and testing of spacecraft systems. Testing was successful.

April 11, 1970, Kennedy LC-39A

Accident

In the evening on April 13 in the service module oxygen tank occurred explosion and the failure of two of the three existing fuel cell. This meant an unequivocal rejection of the Moon landing. In Mission Control Center was established headquarters of the management and rescue operations and was created several groups who solve the problems with life support and returning to Earth.

After this, the astronauts conducted two correction flight path. On April 14, in 18:15 the spaceship disappeared behind the Moon. Radio communication with the Earth stopped. At this time, the crew engaged in photographing the surface of the back side of the Moon.

April 13, 1969, accident

End of mission

Once the spacecraft orbited the moon was carried out two correct flight path. April 15, 23 hours and 10 minutes there was cotton, it was an explosion in the battery compartment. On Earth, immediately held a simulation of a situation, and it turned out that this situation is not life threatening.

April 17, 17 hours and 53 minutes the crew compartment Apollo 13 entered the Earth's atmosphere, and in 18 hours 7 minutes safely splashed down. Ensuring the safe return of the crew after a serious accident regarded as a major success for NASA and demonstrated the great opportunities spaceship Apollo Mission.

April 17, 1970, South Pacific Ocean


Summary of mission

The entire Apollo 13 mission lasted 142 hours 54 minutes 41 seconds.

After the accident, the astronauts had to manually collect a modified system of absorption of carbon dioxide into the lunar module, called the "mailbox".

Time in space

In 1995 was released the film about Apollo 13, the american historical docudrama directed by Ron Howard. The film stars Tom Hanks, Kevin Bacon, Bill Paxton.