Apollo 11

Apollo 11 - was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the Moon, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on July 20. Neil Armstrong was first man who stepped on the lunar surface.

The crew of mission

Start mission

The start of Apollo 11 scheduled for Wednesday, July 16, 1969. During the launch attended by 3497 journalists, 5,000 guests of honor and more than 500 000 tourists. This event broadcasted in 33 countries on six continents. Apollo 11 carried on board medals of memory which are dedicated to fallen Soviet cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Komarov, and emblem of Apollo 1.

Also, during the flight to the Moon, several times organized live broadcasts that showed in the US, Western Europe, Japan and much of Latin America. The entire flight to the Moon took four days. Landing occurred on July 20 in 20:17:40 UTC. All the astronauts were in good condition.

July 16, 1969 Kennedy LC-39A

Lunar landing

The first step that makes a man on the Moon took place at 02 hours 56 minutes 15 seconds UTC July 21, 1969, Neil Armstrong made it. Immediately after reaching the surface of the Moon, astronauts discovered a plaque that was on the ladder of the lunar module and began preparations for the installation of US flag.

Next, the astronauts began collecting lunar soil samples and performed a several series of experiments on the Moon. The astronauts made a lot of high-quality pictures during his stay on the Moon. After 21 hours 36 minutes 21 seconds after landing, the astronauts began preparing for take-off and docking with the command module "Columbia".

July 20, 1969, Mare Tranquillitatis

End of mission

Command Module "Columbia" with astronauts on board landed in the Pacific Ocean July 24, 1969, 16:50:35. Immediately after landing, the astronauts went to the aircraft carrier "Hornet" in quarantine van before being taken to the quarantine area in Houston where they spent 21 days.

After arrival on the aircraft carrier, they were met by US President Richard Nixon, director of NASA's Thomas Paine, as well as astronaut Frank Borman. The lunar soil and the film went into a lunar laboratory in Houston where also passed sterilization and quarantine. After quarantine, they spent blitz tour of three US cities: New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles and began a world tour.

July 24, 1969, North Pacific Ocean

Summary of mission

The entire Apollo 11 mission lasted 8 days, 3 hours, 18 minutes, 35 seconds. Directly on the moon, the astronauts spent 2 hours, 31 minutes 40 seconds.

During the first mission the astronauts passed a short distance. The total distance which astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin had passed equals 250 meters.

Time in space

NASA had plans to place a two flags on the Moon. US flag and a flag of the European Union, but this idea was abandoned and left one flag.

During his stay on the Moon, astronauts managed to collect 21.7-kilogram of moon rocks that were eventually sent to various labs and universities around the world.

Astronauts of Apollo 11 have conducted many important experiments that would be protect and improve all subsequent missions Apollo program.

All pictures that have been made on the surface of the moon were made using special Hasselblad cameras and film from the Kodak company for 160 color photographs each.